Louisiana History Unit 1 Study Guide with Constructed Response

by Ericka Glaze, Church Point Middle School

Louisiana History Study Guide for Unit 1 Exam

 1. Define chenier. A chenier is a ridge of high ground in the coastal marsh that runs parallel to the coastline.

 2. Name the six cultural regions of Louisiana. The six cultural regions are the Upland South/Sportsman's Paradise, Crossroads, Florida Parishes, Greater New Orleans, Plantation Country, and Cajun Country

 3. Where is Louisiana located? Louisiana is located in the southeastern United States.

 4. What is the Prime Meridian? The Prime Meridian is the place in the world where time starts. It is located in Greenwich, England.

 5. What is lignite coal? Lignite coal is a soft brownish coal containing high water content.

 6. What kind of climate does Louisiana have? Louisiana has a humid subtropical climate.

 7. Define floodplain. A floodplain is level or flat land along a river that is subject to flooding.

 8. What is the population density of Louisiana? Louisiana's population density is 103 people per square mile.

 9. What is Toledo Bend? Toledo Bend is the largest man-made lake in Louisiana. It was built off of the Sabine River.

 11. Name 8 of Louisiana’s most important ethnic groups. Although Louisiana has numerous ethnic groups, those groups that were instrumental in developing Louisiana are the French, Spanish, Creole, German, Irish, Acadian, African American, and the Islenos.

 12. Name four of Louisiana’s agricultural resources. Rice, soybeans, strawberries, citrus, peaches, pecans, sweet potatoes, and wheat are some of Louisiana's agricultural resources.

 13. What are the six time zones in the United States? Eastern, Central, Mountain, Pacific, Alaskan, and Hawaiian are the time zones found in the United States.

 14. What is Lake Pontchartrain? Lake Pontchartrain is the largest natural lake in Louisiana. It is 625 square miles in size.

 15. Where is Dolet Hills Mining located? Dolet Hills Mining is located in north Louisiana.

 16. What are the stages of a hurricane? Hurricanes begin as tropical lows/disturbances. They progress into tropical depressions and then into tropical storms. Once they have reached tropical storm status, they become hurricanes.

 17. Define terrace. A terrace is an old channel of a river such as the Mississippi.

 18. Define habitat. A habitat is the natural home of a plant or animal.

 19. Define levee. Levees are strips of elevated land along the bank of a river such as the Mississippi.

 20. Define migration. Migration is the periodic passage of groups of animals from one region to another for feeding or breeding.

 21. What is the Mississippi River? How long is it? The Mississippi River is the largest river in the United States and the 4th largest in the world. It is over 2,000 miles long.

 22. What are the names of Louisiana’s two nuclear power plants? Louisiana's two nuclear power plants are River Bend and Waterford.

 23. What were three reasons why certain groups came to Louisiana? (See your chart!)

24. Where did Acadians migrate from? Africans? Islenos? Irish? Germans? French? Spanish? (See your chart!)

25. What states border Louisiana? Texas, Arkansas, and Mississippi border Louisiana.

26. What are Louisiana’s four natural boundaries? Louisiana's four natural boundaries are the Sabine River, the Pearl River, the Mississippi River, and the Gulf of Mexico.

27. What are the five environmental factors affecting Louisiana’s wetlands? The five environmental factors are the rise of the world's oceans, subsidence, efforts to control the Mississippi River, oil and gas exploration, and hurricanes.

28. What is Driskill Mountain? Where is it located? How high is it? Driskill Mountain is the highest point in the state. It is located in Bienville Parish and is 535 feet above sea level.

29. What is a tornado? A tornado is a severe and unpredictable funnel shaped windstorm that can have winds that reach as high as 500 miles an hour.

30. What are Louisiana’s five mineral resources? Louisiana's five mineral resources are oil, lignite coal, natural gas, sulphur, and salt.

31. Define cultural diffusion. Cultural diffusion is the spreading of one's own culture.

32. Define bayou. Bayou is a Native American word for "creek."

33. What are oxbow lakes? Oxbow lakes are crescent shaped lakes that are formed when a river meander is cut off from the main channel.

34. Define cultural diversity. Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one area or region.

35. Define marsh. A marsh is a wet, treeless prairie covered with water and grasses.

36. Name 3 factors that cause a Louisiana region to change. Hurricanes, deforestation (removal of trees), and urbanization are just three of the factors that can cause a region to change.

37. Name 4 factors that cause erosion of wetlands. River diversion, hurricanes, canal dredging, and non-native plants can cause erosion of wetlands.

38. Name 5 invasive species. Zebra mussels, nutria, fire ants, Formosan termites, and Sugarcane borers are invasive species.

39. Name 4 threats to wildlife. Invasive species, air pollution, mining and chemicals are just 4 threats to wildlife.

40. What is culture? Culture is characteristics such as language, food, music, religion, and literature.

41. What is a region? A region is an area that has similar characteristics such as a common climate, landforms, and recreational opportunities.

42. What is gumbo? Gumbo is a traditional Louisiana Creole soup that usually includes seafood, chicken, sausage, okra, and other vegetables.

43. What is jambalaya? Jambalaya is a spicy Cajun dish of rice and meat.

44. What is the difference between urban and rural? Urban means “city” and rural means “country.”

45. What is a barrier island? A barrier island is an island running parallel to the mainland built up by the action of the waves and currents.

46. What is a delta? A delta is a landform shaped by sediment deposits at the mouth of a river or tidal inlet.

47. Constructed Response Questions:

            a. Why did Bienville choose crescent of the Mississippi River for New Orleans? Why not Baton Rouge?

            b. Describe/explain the process the Mississippi River used to create lower Louisiana.

            c. Louisiana is a cultural melting pot. List some of the contributions ethnic groups have made to our state’s culture.

            d. The Mississippi is a powerful river. Explain its role in land development as well as cultural and regional development.

            e. Louisiana has six cultural regions. Compare and contrast 2 of those regions. Discuss the food, music, religions, physical features, and festivals.

            f. What are some of the plans to stop coastal erosion? Separate them into temporary and permanent solutions.

            g. Describe how Hurricane Katrina affected New Orleans and southeastern Louisiana. How did life in New Orleans change after the storm?  

            h. What are the 4 different types of marshes? Define each one.